Use a wide aperture. A wider aperture lets in more light, which is essential for low-light photography.
Increase your ISO. A higher ISO setting makes your camera more sensitive to light, but it can also introduce noise. Start with a low ISO and increase it as needed.
Use a slow shutter speed. A slower shutter speed allows more light to hit the sensor, but it also makes your camera more susceptible to camera shake. Use a tripod or keep your camera steady.
Focus manually. In low light, autofocus may have difficulty finding the subject. Try focusing manually to ensure that your subject is in focus.
Use reflectors or fill light. Reflectors can bounce light back onto your subject, while fill light can add additional light to the scene.
Compose carefully. Choose a simple composition with plenty of negative space. This will help to reduce noise and make your subject stand out.
Shoot in RAW. Shooting in RAW format gives you more flexibility when editing your photos in post-processing. You can adjust the white balance, exposure, and other settings to improve your images.
Experiment. There are no hard and fast rules for low-light photography. Experiment with different settings and techniques to find what works best for you.
Use a fast lens. A fast lens has a wide aperture, which lets in more light.
Avoid using flash unless necessary. Flash can create harsh shadows and highlights.